Monday, December 18, 2017

Occupation & Geographical Spread

 

Medars generally apply three main varieties of basketwork these are,

  1. Check
  2. Twilled
  3. Hexagonal
  4. Coiled, 

with these techniques we can make baskets swiftly. Check one gives employment regularly that has demand in market for daily chores and commercial purposes. Coiled type is very time consuming and tedious, which only applies to any product of aesthetic purposes.

Tools :-
            Katti (long hatchet), which is used for shafting bamboo and Davanam (knitting nail with sharp and pointed edge) for knitting purpose.

Major types of baskets prepared are

  • Storage Baskets (Dibba)
  • Carrying Baskets (Gampalu, ThattalIu)
  • Receptacles (Chinna Pachhikalu)
  • Winnowing Fans (Chatalu)
  • Bamboo Mats (Chatakulu)
  • Various types of Mats (Chapalu)
  • Marriage Baskets (Pelli Buttalu, Pooja Buttalu)
  • Window Curtains, Pen Stands, and so on.

Winnowing fans and carrying baskets has significant demand

Basketry is a household oriented activity, performed by all the family members irrespective of their age and sex.

  • Children assist their parents in some minor knitting works till they attain perfection in their occupation.
  • Elders will do the mastery knitting as long as he lives.
  • There is no retirement for this occupation because no extra energy or strength is required for making baskets.
  • Both men and women are equally took part in the occupation.
  • Apart from the netting work, women have to look after the daily chores in the house.
  • Women and children go around places for selling baskets.
  • Men travel a long distance for marketing.
  • Men play a key role from the procurement of raw material marketing and even in getting work orders from government and private agencies.

 

Geographical :-
Andhra Pradesh: The major traditional bamboo dependent community in Andhra Pradesh are the Buroods‘(Burud). The Buroods are also known as Mahendra Medara, Medar, Meda, and Mederai. Bamboo is a major household sector where sizable quantity of the resource is utilized by this weaving community. Traditionally this community has been procuring bamboo and making livelihood by making baskets, mats, fencing mats, winnow, hand fans and other articles on local demand. Most of their bamboo dependents are concentrated in Adilabad, Khammam, Krishna, Prakasam, Warangal, Karimnagar, Srikakkulam, Rajahmundry, Indhupuram, and Hyderabad districts.

Karnataka: Meda a dominant bamboo dependent community in Karnataka is also known as Medar, Myadar, Burood/Burud. The term Burood is in use in northern districts of Karnataka. The Medas are primarily basket-makers and cultivators. Some of them also work as labourers in coffee plantations and in paddy fields. The Meda women participate in household work, economic activities, social functions and contribute to the family income. Gulbarga, Mysore and Shimoga are the districts with large Meda population. Major clusters of this bamboo dependent community is found at Belgaum, Hubli, Darwad, Bellari, Chithradurga, Shimoga, Mysore, Mandya, Madkeri, Davanagere, Chickmangalore and Sirsi and in urban Bangalore. They are seen in Nagarbhavi, Benchegry, KHB colony, Ramuth Nagar, New market, Kengeri.

Tamil Nadu: The Mahendra Medara community are listed as the Most Backward Class by the Tamil Nadu Government. The major clusters of the community are found in Coimbatore, Erode, Salem, Madurai, Chittoor, Dindigal, Tirichirapally, Thiruvannamalai and Dharmapuri.