Tuesday, July 27, 2021

Kula Sangams



         In every settlement there is a KULAPEDDA, or hereditary caste headman, who has, among other things, the power of inflicting fines, sentencing to excommunication, and inflicting punishments for adultery, eating with members of lower castes, etc. Excommunication is a real punishment, as the culprit is not allowed to take bamboo, or mess with his former castemen. There are no trials by ordeal. The usual form of oath is " Where ten are, there God is. In his presence I say."

Each village has its own KULA SANGHAM (caste council) and headed by ‘Behra’ (president). In case of big villages (i.e. having more population) there are two Behra represents their caste council.

Behra is the designation of Medar headman. In Each village, Medar community will have one Behra and he led their caste council. All the Medar abide to what he says. The post of Behra is not hereditary one, elected by all their caste members through consensus or/and election. If he does any wrong or misbehaviour he will be removed and go for new head. They hold council meeting once in every two pournamies (full moon). There is no need to inform about their meeting to each household separately. It is mandatory for all who stays in and around to gather at their work place to discuss the issues relating to their occupation and organisation. There they discuss all the matters pertaining to their caste only. Dispute resolution is the key feature of their kula sangham meetings.